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What does the Hanuman
Chalisa mean?

[in English]

Gayatri Mantra
[in English]

All Major Hindu Festivals explained

The Story of
Sant Devtankhiji Bapa


Shree U.K. Luhar Gnati Mandal (London)
Why do we celebrate Ramnavmi?

Picture: Shri Ram, Sita, Laxman and Hanuman.

Ramnavmi celebrates the birth of Shri Rama, the son of King Dasharath. The festivals is celebrated on the ninth day of the bright fortnight of the Hindu month of Chaitra. In some parts of India, it is a nine-day festival, coinciding with the Vasanta Navaratri, and many people fast over this period.

Lord Vishnu incarnated as Rama to destroy Ravana, the demon King of Lanka. Ravana had a vast knowledge of the Vedas and other scriptures, and performed an austere mediation. He received a boon of immortality from Brahma, except for death by an incarnation of Vishnu. As a result, Ravana became very powerful and his ego lead him to believe he was greater than God himself. With this new found egoism his tyranny knew no bounds. His followers were destroying the peace and harmony on this earth, and the sages and saints could not perform their religious rites.

Finally, Vishnu took birth as the son of Kaushalya, the first queen of King Dasharath who ruled over Kaushal, a part of present day Uttar Pradesh. Ayodhya was its capital. The King had two other queens, Kaikeyi and Sumitra. They were also blessed with three other sons Bharat, Lakshman and Shatrughan.All the four brothers grew up under the care of King Dasharath and followed the royal tradition of the Surya dynasty. When Rama was only sixteen, sage Vishwamitra requested King Dasharath to send Rama to kill the she-demon Tadaka and her son Marich who were causing havoc during the prayers of the sages. Rama and Lakshman accompanied Vishwamitra and killed Tadaka while her son Marich fled to Lanka.

In the course of time Rama married Sita. Dasharath planned to declare rama as the crown prince of Kaushal. But Dasharath’s plan did not work out. Kaikeyi, the second queen, was ill advised by her maid Manthara and demanded that her son, Bharat be the crown prince and Rama leaves for the forest for fourteen years. Dasharath had to agree as he promised Kaikeyi earlier to grant her two boons whenever she desired.

Bharat was an ideal brother. When he came back from sojourn and heard of Rama’s exile, he became furious; he drove off the maid and left for the forest to bring Rama back. Rama wanted to respect the promises of his deceased father and continued to stay in exile. Bharat came back with Rama’s sandals, placed them on the throne, and ruled the Kingdom as his representative. For the next fourteen years Bharat also led the life of a mendicant in the same way as Rama did.

In the forest Sita was abducted by Ravana. Rama found her with the help of Hanuman and the race of Vanaras. A great war between Rama and Ravana took place. At the end, Rama, Vishnu incarnated, killed Ravana. Rama completed his period of exile and came back to Ayodhya to rule the Kingdom.

The Ramayana, has been sung and re-sung in all the languages and dialects of the world. The tradition of writing epics centring round the saga of Rama’s achievements started by Valmiki in Sanskrit and was continued by Tulsidas in Hindi.

On the day of Ramanavami, Lord Rama is worshipped during the noon hours when he took birth.  Ayodhya, the birthplace of Shri Rama, is the focus of great celebrations.

Hanuman is worshipped for his unflinching devotion to Rama, and his worship forms an important part of the Ramanavami celebrations.





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